Fucoxanthin, also known as fucoxanthin, is a natural carotenoid extracted from edible brown algae such as wakame, spirulina, sargasso, and kelp. It has anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, A variety of pharmacological effects such as weight loss. Current research shows that fucoxanthin has significant inhibitory effects on various malignant tumors such as skin cancer, colon cancer, hematological tumor, prostate cancer and liver cancer.
1 Skin cancer
Studies have confirmed that fucoxanthin inhibits the activity of ornithine decarboxylase in mice induced by the strong skin cancer-producing substance tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), and it is speculated that It has an inhibitory effect on skin cancer. The effect of fucoxanthin for 20 weeks can significantly inhibit the formation of skin cancer, and the inhibition rate is 70%.
2 Colon cancer
Fucoxanthin has an inhibitory effect on the formation of duodenal carcinoma induced by N-ethyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. The fucoxanthin administration significantly inhibited the ACF induced by DMH, and the crypt cell proliferation rate also decreased significantly.
3 Blood system tumors
Fucoxanthin exerts a significant inhibitory effect on proliferation of HL-60 cells. DNA bands showed that fucoxanthin could induce apoptosis of HL-60 cells after 12 h. Fucoxanthin induces HL-60 cell withering. The effects of death may be related to increased mitochondrial membrane permeability and activation of the Caspases pathway. Fucoxanthin and its metabolite, fucoxanthin, inhibit the survival of human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-infected T cells and adult T-cell leukemia cells.
4 Prostate cancer
Fucoxanthin significantly reduced the survival rate of prostate cancer cells and induced apoptosis. Fucoxanthin and its metabolite, fucoxanthin, inhibited the proliferation of PC-3 cells and activated Caspase-3 to induce apoptosis.
5 Liver cancer
Fucoxanthin inhibited the growth of human hepatoma HepG2 cells, arrested cells in G0 /G1 phase, and inhibited phosphorylation of Rb protein Ser780.
6 Effects on tumor angiogenesis
The study found that fucoxanthin and fucoxanthin inhibited the formation of embryonic blood vessels, suggesting that it may have anti-tumor angiogenesis effects.
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