Tongkat Ali has hundreds of years of medicinal history in Southeast Asia. Its main chemical components are aralia diterpenes and alkaloids, which have anti-cancer, improve male sexual function, lower blood sugar, lower blood pressure, and lower uric acid. As well as pharmacological effects such as relieving the pathological damage of kidney tissue, it is regarded as a national treasure in Malaysia, also known as plant viagra and malaysian.
◆ The chemical constituents extracted from Tongkat Ali and identified by its structure are mainly diterpenoids and iron ketone alkaloids of bitter lignin skeleton. It also contains active ingredients such as biphenyl lignin and squalene derivatives. The biosynthetic pathway of terpenoids in Tongkat Ali is mainly triterpene degradation.
◆ At present, the terpenoids that have been isolated and identified from Tongkat Ali include Oremideolide A, Oremideolide B, 13β, 21-dihydroxyeurycomanol, 5α, 14β, 15β-trihydroxyklaineanone, 23, 24, 25 -trihydroxytirucall-7-en-3,6-dione, laosanone, 13,21-dihydroeurycomanone, 13α, (21) -epoxy laosanone, 14,15β-dihydroxyklaineanone, tongolide and long-leaf wide Lignolactone, etc., among which tongelolactone content is higher.
◆ Tongkat Ali's roots, stems, and branches all contain alkaloids. Alkaloids that have been isolated and identified from Tongkat Ali include: 9,10-dimethoxy iron excretion, 10-hydroxy-9 -Methoxy iron ketone, 11-hydroxy-10-methoxy iron ketone, 5,9-dimethoxy iron ketone, 9-methoxy-3-methylcarboline-5 , 6-dione, β-carboline alkaloids, etc., from
In terms of chemical structure, the alkaloids are mainly iron and ketones.
◆ In addition to terpenoids and alkaloids, researchers at home and abroad have also isolated and identified a large number of compounds from Tongkat Ali, such as curcumene, 5-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid-δ-lactone, and propane
Glycol phenyl ether, linoleic acid, benzoin, menthol, 2-phenoxyethanol, 4-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclosan-1-enone, 7 -Methoxyprolactin and the like.